Chemical Composition of Myrtus communis L. (Myrtaceae) Fruits | Chapter 11 | Recent Advances in Biological Research Vol. 2

The chemical composition of Myrtus communis L. extracts were prepared and analyzed by GC-MS. Sixteen phytochemical constituents of chemical compounds were identified in fruits of Myrtus communis. The relative percentage of linoleic acid methyl ester was high (27.19%), followed by oleic acid methyl ester (21.18%) and then octane 3,5- dimethyl (16.47%), dodecane (11.39%), palmitic acid methyl ester (6.80%) and tetradecane (6.69%) as well as, some components present in lower percentage such as stearic acid methyl ester (3.32%). GC-MS analysis revealed that 16 different chemical components were identified in the Myrtus communis, with high amount of linoleic acid (27.19%) helpful in revealing the pharmaceutical value of the plant. It also provides information about its trado-medical use. GC-MS analysis is important step towards understanding the nature of active ingredients in this medicinal plant and mentioned phytocompounds would be useful in the preparation of novel drugs for treating diseases.

Biography of author(s)

Karzan Omer Qader
Sulaimani University, College of Science, Department of Biology, Iraq.

Sahar A.A. Malik Al-Saadi
Basrah University, College of Science, Department of Biology, Iraq.

Thuraya Abdul Abbas Malik Al-Saadi
Al-Mustansiriya University, College of Basic Education, Department of Science, Iraq.

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