Maize Pollen Availability is a Critical Factor for DH Wheat Development during Extreme Low Temperature | Chapter 10 | Emerging Issues in Science and Technology Vol. 1

With the rapid increase in world population the production of wheat will play a pivotal role on food security and the global economy. Double haploid (DH) technology is a new boon for rapid development of new homozygous lines, which otherwise is achieved in more than seven years through conventional breeding programmes. Limitation of getting maize pollen during low temperature of winter in northern India is a challenge for pseudo-seeds production during wheat maize hybridization for production of DH lines. Pollen of maize is shortly viable and storage of the same at lower temperature and high relative humidity could increase its viability up to a week at 4°C as proposed by earlier studies. Weather conditions greatly influence pollen shedding phenomenon. Cool, humid temperature delays the pollen shed while hot and dry conditions favors the same. The present study was conducted to determine the efficiency of pollen development during extreme cold under four different conditions viz. open condition (under shade from top), in polyhouse, in tunnel (inside polyhouse with hot air supply) and on the ground soil. The plants in tunnel showed early spike emergence and pollen shedding in comparison to plants in natural environment like in open and on the ground. Chlorophyll content was least in plants in tunnel and highest in the plants sowed on the ground. Stem girth and plant height was also less in plants grown under tunnel. Conclusively, for early availability and regular supply of pollen the maize plants should be grown under tunnel with hot air supply.

Author(s) Details

Dr. Awadhesh Kumar Pal
Department of Biochemistry and Crop Physiology, Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour-813210, India.

Ms Shahnishan Tabassum
Department of Biochemistry and Crop Physiology, Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour-813210, India.

Ms Amrita Singh
Department of Biochemistry and Crop Physiology, Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour-813210, India.

Ms Nishi Kumari
Department of Biochemistry and Crop Physiology, Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour-813210, India.

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