Spatial Distribution, Morphological Descriptors and Seed Biometry of Syagrus oleracea (Mart.) Becc. (Arecaceae): An Important Brazilian Cerrado Palm | Chapter 11 | Research and Development in Agricultural Sciences Vol. 1

The Syagrus oleracea is adapted for dry regions, has used for food, ornamental palm and development of cosmetic. It occurs in impacted areas of Cerrado. The management of the species is important for traditional communities. Morphological descriptors, biometric pyrenes and spatial distribution of individuals are important for the species distinction, conservation, forest management and implantation of breeding programs. Thus, our objectives were to determine and correlate the main morphological characters of the palm tree, to evaluate the biometric of the pyrenes and the spatial distribution of the species. Neighbourhood Density Function (NDF) evaluated the spatial distribution in georeferenced individuals in four populations (Mirabela, Mato Verde, Rio Pardo de Minas and Novorizonte). The Novorizonte population showed an aggregate pattern in the first distance classes. The other populations had a random pattern. We evaluated 13 morphological descriptors in six populations (Mirabela, Mato Verde, Rio Pardo de Minas, Novorizonte, Varzelandia and São João da Ponte). The cluster analysis corroborates the results obtained by the multivariate analysis, which shows a greater distance of the SJP3 and SJP5 samples from the other accessions. The evaluated characteristics of the pyrenes biometry were: longitudinal diameter, equatorial diameter and the mass of the pyrenes. The highest mean longitudinal (22.17 mm) and equatorial diameter (38.89 mm) in addition to the mean mass (9.29 g) were observed in the Novorizonte population. The fruits of S. oleracea present an elongated shape. The study generated important information about the species that is still little studied, and has economic potential for product development.

Author(s) Details

Helbert Fagundes Soares
Laboratory Bioprospecting and Genetic Resources and Laboratory of Natural Products, State University of Montes Claros, Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Vila Mauriceia, Montes Claros, MG, Brazil.

Murilo Malveira Brandao
University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil and Department of Biology, University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil.

Vanessa de Andrade Royo
University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil and Department of Biology, University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil.

Guilherme Victor Nippes Pereira
Department of Biology, University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil.

Santos D’Angelo Neto
Department of Biology, University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil.

Elytania Veiga Menezes
University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil and Department of Biology, University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil.

Afranio Farias de Melo Junior
University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil and Department of Biology, University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil.

Dario Alves de Oliveira
University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil and Department of Biology, University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil.

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