This article intends to carry out an analysis on Palliative Care and its relationship with human rights, considering the multidimensional conceptions inherent to pain as advocated by Cicely Saunders. The author delves into the concept of total pain by understanding it as a set of symptoms that can contribute to a pain picture that encompasses the physical, psychological, social and spiritual dimensions that affect a patient’s life. In this way, the field in question is presented from the concept of total pain, revealing its dimensions of social pain. Thus, it is based on bibliographical research, using the method of narrative revision. Emphasis is placed on the study of Michel Foucault, in his last phase, in the reflexive process on pain and finitude as practices of freedom. The purpose of palliative care is to give meaning to pain in order to re-signify life in a limiting condition imposed by the non-prospect of healing. It also provides a vital redirection of care for the maximization of the quality of life. It is concluded that social pain is exacerbated by a tense and contradictory daily life, which often imposes a harsh reality that threatens the right of universal access to health (without discrimination and social security) and makes it become distant, almost utopian. This is certainly a dilemma of the all Brazilian health professionals.
Brazilian National Cancer Institute, Palliative Care, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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