Harnessing of Proteomic and Molecular Analysis of Bali Cattle Saliva: Another Side to Study the Potential of Bali Cattle (Bos javanicus) as a Native Indonesian Cattle | Chapter 2 | Current Strategies in Biotechnology and Bioresource Technology Vol. 1

Bali cattle are native to Indonesia, with some superior properties such as high fertility, remarkable resistance to heat stress as well as to most diseases that lead Bali cattle are suitable for tropical regions such as Indonesia and may be for other tropical countries as well. Up to now studies have been focused on their main purpose as small beef cattle, in fact Bali cattle saliva has also shown potential as a source of biological material. This book chapter discusses the studies that have been carried out in the last five years regarding saliva of Bali cattle from proteomic and molecular aspects. From this discussion it is hoped that further thoughts will be born to explore the Bali cattle from other aspects. Hopefully the information is also useful to explore the benefits of saliva in other native animals besides Bali cattle. 

Author(s) Details

Sulaiman N. Depamede
Laboratory of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Animal Sciences, University of Mataram, Jalan Majapahit No. 62, Mataram 83125, Indonesia.

Djoko Kisworo
Laboratory of Animal Product Processing Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, University of Mataram, Jalan Majapahit No. 62, Mataram 83125, Indonesia.

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Genetic Diversity in Some Introduced Pasture Grass Cultivars Revealed by Inter-Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSR) Markers: Detailed Overview | Chapter 6 | Current Strategies in Biotechnology and Bioresource Technology Vol. 1

This study was focused on studying the genetic diversity among pasture grass cultivars using intersimple sequence repeats (ISSR) markers to determine their genetic background. Six grass cultivars were used in this study: two perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) cultivars (Aries and Quartet), two endophyte-free tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) cultivars (Fawn and K5666v) and two orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) cultivars (Tekapo and Niva). Analysis of the 15 selected ISSR primers among the six grass cultivars generated 77 bands, 66 (85.7%) of which were polymorphic. The two perennial ryegrasses cultivars (Aries and Quartet) were distinguished by a 600-bp amplification fragment produced by primer UBC807. The 500-bp amplification fragment was produced by primer UBC825, which was distinguished in Niva, but absent in Tekapo-orchard grass. Furthermore, Fawn-tall fescue was distinguished by a 400-bp amplification fragment produced by primer UBC825. The minimum genetic similarity (GS) value was obtained between the two orchard grass cultivars (Niva and Tekapo), while the maximum GS value was obtained between the two perennial ryegrasses cultivars (Aries and Quartet).


Author(s) Details

Dr. M. I. Motawei
Department of Plant Production and Protection, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia

Dr. N. S. AL-Ghumaiz
Department of Plant Production and Protection, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.

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Nanoparticles as New Antimicrobial Agents | Book Publisher International

Antimicrobials are the synthetic molecules obtained from natural sources are widely used against pathogenic microbes. The improper use of these antimicrobial agents has resulted in multi-drug resistance property among various pathogens and is a great threat to the global population. Also, the spread of these resistant microbes is a great challenge to the medical practitioners. The use of novel technologies to replace conventional antimicrobials can curtain antimicrobial resistance. Nanotechnology driven innovations could give a hope for the patients as well as physicians in solving the problem of drug resistance. The medical and veterinary application of nanomaterials which are in the size of atomic or molecular scale has been tremendously increased. It has been well known that metallic compounds have high antimicrobial/bactericidal activity. Various nanomaterials have been documented against several bacteria. The development of an effective nanocomposite requires a profound knowledge on both physicochemical features of nanomaterials and biological characteristics of microbes. In addition, the health hazards linked to various nanoparticles need to be addressed thoroughly.

Author(s) Details

Dr. Mallappa Kumara Swamy (PhD)
Department of Biotechnology, East West First Grade College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Dr. Boregowda Purushotham
East West First Grade College, Bengaluru, India.

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View Volume: https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/mono/978-93-89562-40-8