Investing in Rural Communities of Nigeria for Agricultural Development: A Strategy for Reducing Rural-Urban Youth Migration | Chapter 09 | Advances and Trends in Agricultural Sciences Vol. 2

Rural-urban youth migration is increasing in developing countries, particularly Nigeria. This has resulted in loss of labour for agricultural production. Distress push factors such as lack of rural credit facilities, unemployment and rural poverty are most important contributory factors while demand pull factors such as perception of high wages from urban employment are also dominant. Decline in food production in developing countries such as Nigeria can be linked to the impart of rural-urban youth migration as well as other variable factors such as economic, soil quality, ecology, climatic conditions, socio-cultural setting and poor farm management. Rural-urban youth migration also reduces the rate of agricultural and rural development. Efforts are needed by Nigerian government at all levels in encouraging rural youths to remain in agriculture through adequate provision of physical and social infrastructure as well as creating an enabling environment devoid of insecurity. This will ensure growth of the agricultural sector and increase rural productivity.

Author(s) Details

E. N. Mbah
Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria.

A. J. Attah
Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, University of Abuja, Nigeria.

N. E. Amah
Federal College of Animal Heath and Production Technology, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.

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View Volume: https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/atias/v2

Information and Communication Technologies as Veritable Tools for Bridging Gaps among Stakeholders in Agricultural Development | Chapter 03 | Current Research in Science and Technology Vol. 1

People living in rural areas depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. Agriculture is an important sector in many developing countries. It is critical to sustainable development and agricultural production by smallholders in lower-income countries contributes substantially to the food security of both rural and urban populations. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) in agriculture have the potential to facilitate greater access to information that drives or supports knowledge sharing. However, in the past two decades, Internet and mobile-based channels have emerged. ICTs also include computer-based applications and communication tools such as social media, digital information repositories and digital photography and video as well as mobile phones. An integrated approach to the expansion of Internet services will promote often neglected communication between agencies linked to rural and agricultural development. Government should provide rural infrastructure for wide spread of agricultural information at the grass root levels. Public, private and non-governmental organizations should play more active roles in Information and Communication Technology education of the farmers by getting in close collaboration with the universities and other research institutions.

Author(s) Details

E. N. Mbah
Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria.

A. J. Attah
Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, University of Abuja, Nigeria.

V. C. Chukwukere
Department of Diagnostic and Extension, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.

Read full article: http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/view/73/892/681-1
View Volume: https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/crst/v1