Democratic and autocratic countries are determined by democracy index which is introduced by Economist Intelligence Unit and has been calculated since 2006 for 167 countries covering almost the entire population of the world. The Democracy index is based on five factors: Electoral process and pluralism; civil liberties; the functioning of government; political participation; and political culture. These 167 countries are divided into one of four categories: Full democracy; flawed democracy; hybrid regime; and authoritarian regime or autocracy. This chapter deals with comparative study between full democratic and autocratic countries based on different social indicators such as literacy rate, unemployment rate, per capita GDP, birth rate, death rate, fertility rate, divorce rate, murder rate etc. It is observed that per capita GDP and literacy rate of full democratic countries are significantly higher than that of autocratic countries. Unemployment rate, murder rate, fertility rate crude birth rate and divorce rate of full democratic countries are significantly lower than that of autocratic countries. No significant difference was observed for crude death rate between democratic and autocratic countries.
M. Shafiqur Rahman
Department of Operations Management and Business Statistics, College of Economics and Political Science, Sultan Qaboos University Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.