Biosorption of Cd (II) and As (III) Ions from Aqueous Solution by Tea Waste Biomass | Chapter 07 | Current Perspectives to Environment and Climate Change Vol. 3

Biosorption of Cadmium (Cd (II)) and Arsenic (As (III)) ions from aqueous solution by tea waste biomass was examined in a batch experimental setup. The effects of pH and temperature on the biosorption were studied in this work. The optimum pH values for the maximum efficiency of biosorption of Cd (II) and As (III) ions were found to be 5.5 and 7.5, respectively. The adsorption process was endothermic in nature and spontaneous. Further, about 95% and 84.5% removal of Cd (II) and As (III) ions was obtained at 200 mg/l of adsorbate and 6 g/l and 7 g/l of adsorbent dosage, respectively. The present study showed that tea waste biomass can serve as a good and cheap substitute for conventional carbon based adsorbents for removal of metal ions from industrial wastewater.

Author(s) Details

Dr. Suantak Kamsonlian
Department of Chemical Engineering, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, Prayagraj – 211004, India.

Dr. Chandrajit Balomajumder
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee – 247667, India.

Dr. Shri Chand
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee – 247667, India.

Dr. S. Suresh
Department of Chemical Engineering, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology Bhopal, Bhopal – 462051, India.

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The Biosorption Features of Cr (VI) Ions by Dried Biomass of a Facultative Anaerobic Bacillus cereus Strain Pf-1 | Chapter 05 | Current Research in Science and Technology Vol. 3

Many studies were undertaken on the biosorption potential of different kinds of biomaterials. However, there is a paucity of data regarding the biosorption mechanism of Cr (VI) using dried cells. In our study, the removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solution was investigated in a batch system by the dried biomass of Bacillus cereus Pf-1 isolated from activated sludge samples. Equilibrium and kinetic experiments were undertaken at various initial metal concentration, pH, and biosorbent dosage. Energy-Dispersive X-ray (EDX), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to characterize the biomass. Biosorption process was found to be pH dependent. The optimum pH was found to be 2.0. The Langmuir and Freundlich were considered to identify the isotherm that could better describe the equilibrium adsorption of Cr (VI) onto the biomass. Langmuir and Freundlich models fitted our experimental data. The suitability of the pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order kinetic models for the biosorption of Cr (VI) onto Bacillus cereus was also performed. The mechanism for the adsorption was studied by fitting the kinetic data with the Boyd plot and intra-particle diffusion model. External mass transfer was found to be the rate-determining step. Based on the ionic nature of the metal, the intra-particle diffusion and extent of film diffusion varied.

Author(s) Details

Dr. Paul Fabrice Nguema
Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Science, School of Wood, Water and Natural Resources, University of Dschang, P.O.Box 786, Ebolowa, Cameroon.

Professor Zejiao Luo 
State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, Ministry of Education, School of Environmental Studies, China University of Geosciences, 388 Lumo lu, Wuhan 430074, China.

Zachari Mohamadou Mounir
Departement Hygiene Securite Environnement, Institut Universitaire de Technologie, Universite de Zinder, Bp 656, Zinder, Niger.

Dr. Lian Jing Jing
State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, Ministry of Education, School of Environmental Studies, China University of Geosciences, 388 Lumo lu, Wuhan 430074, China.

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