The regional integration process in Africa is increasingly becoming an indispensable instrument in the promotion of domestic and foreign direct investment (FDI) and as a means for the legitimization of the fragile nascent democratic government, which are slowly and painfully being put in place all over the continent. The achievement of these policy objectives for sub-Saharan African countries requires the identification and formation of clear priorities and strategies whose implementation should be feasible, effective and supported by strong political will, if the regional integration failures of the past fifty years of African independence have to be avoided. The key strategies and priorities seem to be based on a belief that the harmonization of regional policies and infrastructures projects of all kinds constitutes the very foundation of a regional integration. According to this belief, these projects are considered to be instrumental and conducive to increased market openness and capital inflows, which in turn could act to stimulate trade among states, the movement of workers and the intermingling of people and cultures. As a result, peace and harmony is maintained within the integrated region. It therefore suggest that the effective implementation of these strategies and priorities, combined with domestic policy reforms would necessarily attract increased regional and foreign direct investment given the continent’s rich endowment in natural and human resources. The study examines this basic tenet of regional integration process in Africa and argues that the African political leaders most threatened by integration will be very unwilling to face a successful integration outcome. Hence, it will be up to the international community to support the reforms efforts of these leaders and to help overcome their resistance. Furthermore, the author suggests that the conciliation between the suppression of trade obstacles (economic reforms) and democratization in these countries (political reforms) is the most significant action which bilateral and multilateral financial backers can do to support the recovery of the continent.
Elie Ngongang College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Fayetteville State University, 1200 Murchison Road, 28301 NC North Carolina, USA. Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Yaoundé II, P. O. Box 12557, Yaoundé Cameroon.
This paper discusses quality attributes of the family planning programme towards a successful family life. It highlights the barriers preventing most families from utilizing family planning facilities in Nigeria. The article went further to explore the quality attributes associated to family planning. The characteristics of a quality family planning programme were discussed and attributes of a well planned family life x-rayed. The quality family life and national development were examined and suggestions were proffered for achieving a good family planning program in any community in Nigeria. Family planning programme is a lifesaving scheme to families and investing in it is a necessity in today’s world. The continuous increase in the Nigerian population has aggravated the level of poverty among the populace. This is most devastating to families, preventing them from living a qualitative family life. This phenomenon is a drain to the nation’s human resources in national development. The various hindrances to family planning can be addressed to give chance to quality family planning programme in Nigeria towards a successful family life of its criticism.
Dr (Mrs) Bridget Esele Uwameiye Department of Vocational and Technical Education, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria.
The main objective of this chapter was to review the performance of the Comprehensive Agricultural Support Programme (CASP) and its infrastructure development projects. The study was conducted at Dolidoli Village in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Primary data were collected from Fifty-five (n=55) households using an open-ended questionnaire instrument. The study used field work, Focus Group Discussion (FGDs) and Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) to collect data. The results revealed that the CASP experienced numerous intertwined complexities. There were doubts with regard to the initiators of the programme in the village. The majority of the participants were of the view that the programme was imposed on the community from unknown persons. Poor infrastructure was supplied. The infrastructure was also being extensively vandalised. The participants resolved that community members could volunteer monitoring vandalism of infrastructure emanating from the programme. A follow-up study on the vandalism of the CASP built infrastructure in the area is crucially needed.
Mavhungu Abel Mafukata Department of Development Studies, University of South Africa, RSA.