Assessment of the Contributions of the Bank of Agriculture to Cassava Production in Isoko North Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria | Chapter 08 | Current Perspective to Economics and Management Vol. 3

The study was conducted to assess the contribution of the Bank of Agriculture to cassava production in Isoko North Local Government Area. A simple random sampling technique was employed in the selection of six (6) towns and twelve (12) local cassava farmers from each of this six towns. The sample size was seventy two (72). Both primary and secondary data were used in the study. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics and the chi-square test was used to test the hypothesis. The study showed that only 30.6% of the farmers had access to credit facilities. The average amount of credit obtained was N186, 500. A proportion of 54.2% of the respondents obtained N51, 000 to N100, 000. About 13.9%obtained N161, 000 to N 200,000. A negligible proportion of 8.35% obtained above N210, 000.The average farm size of the farmers is 3.5  hectares The results of the chi-square test shows that the farmers that had access to credit have statistically significant higher output and farm size than those farmers that did not have access. However, there was no significant difference in the farm capital and expenditure values between those farmers that had access and those that did not. Although the Bank of Agriculture has made some significant contribution in the provision of credit for cassava production, the credit facilities are not adequate for the farmers to expand their farm holdings in order to increase cassava production in the study area.

Author(s) Details

K. N. Tibi
Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro, Delta State, Nigeria.

R. Nwadiolu
Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro, Delta State, Nigeria.

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Adoption of Precision Technologies in Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.) Cultivation at Thottiyam Block of Tiruchirappalli District | Chapter 06 | Current Perspective to Economics and Management Vol. 3

Agricultural extension system is the primary delivery system for information to farmers. Agricultural extension has the potential to stimulate agricultural development and is often used as a tool for implementing government policy. Available agricultural technology does not serve its purpose till it reaches and adopted by it ultimate users, the farmers.  The present study was conducted in Thottiyam block of Tiruchirappalli district to assess the adoption of precision technologies in bitter gourd cultivation. Totally 90 farmers were selected for the study. A schedule was developed to know the adoption level of the bitter gourd cultivation through precision technologies and the adoption level was ranked based on the adoption status. From this study high extent of adoption of precision technologies viz., field preparation specified farm implements, recommended spacing, neem cake application at last ploughing, stakes to reach the pandal, growth regulators (ethrel 100 ppm) spray to increase fruit setting and marketing through integrated approach (Rank I) in bitter gourd cultivation was observed among the Krishi Vigyan Kendra adopted farmers compared to the non adopted farmers. It was concluded that the technology transformation tools like farmers field school, demonstration, training and exposure visit had increasing effect to enhance the production and productivity of crops. Farmer’s knowledge and attitudes towards the technology adoption can be increased more effectively through extension activities. Agricultural extension programmes and farming education are the main instruments of the government policy to improve the agricultural productivity by adopting advanced production technologies. By adopting advanced production technologies.

Author(s) Details

V. Dhanushkodi
ICAR-Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sirugamani, Tiruchirappalli -639 115, Tamil Nadu, India.

K. Padmadevi
ICAR-Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sirugamani, Tiruchirappalli -639 115, Tamil Nadu, India.

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Development of an Economical Automatic Temperature and Time Control Multipurpose Dryer | Chapter 06 | Current Research in Science and Technology Vol. 2

Many dryers exist in the open markets for drying several agricultural crops in Africa. Most of them have their limitations and complexities. The significant ones are expensive and cannot be afford by the peasant farmers. Those developed locally are inefficient especially where temperature control is required. There is need to develop appropriate systems that will ensure effective temperature control without compromising the quality parameters of products. Time control is also a challenge due to unstable power supply which result to calculation of drying time not the same as working hours of the dryer for existing dryers. A digital microprocessor base temperature control and time control dryer has been developed and fabricated for drying any type of biomaterial at varying temperature range using locally available materials. The fabricated temperature and time control multipurpose dryer was test to ascertain its performance, the preset temperature control the ON/OFF the heating helix in the drying chamber within room temperature to 110°C and the temperature control was compared with three different types of digital temperature meters. The time control was also tested to clock only when the dryer is powered. Some selected biomaterial (Cassava, maize, cocoyam) with moisture content between 13 – 26% MCwb was dried for an average time of about 6-8 hours at 60°c temperature and the air velocity of the drying process was 0.4-0.75 m/s2.

Author(s) Details

Engr. P. A. Obasa (OND, HND, PGD, MENG, NIM, NIAE, IAENG, COREN Regd.)
Department Agricultural and Bioresources Engineering, Federal University of Technology Minna, Nigeria.

Prof. O. C. Ademosun (B.Sc. (Hons); M.Sc., Ph.D., FNIAE, FNSE, COREN Regd.)
Department Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria.

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View Volume: https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/crst/v2