The Influence of Tradition over the Community of Faith: An Old Testament Perspective | Chapter 01 | Current Research in Education and Social Studies Vol. 1

In this article, (The Influence of Tradition over the Community of Faith: a Biblical Perspective), the author tries to understand the way the religious tradition influences the community of faith. The importance of the subject is demonstrated by the impact which a tradition has upon a certain community. The consequences can be serious. As far as the consequences for the Jewish community in history, it is showed that, even though they had lost their country many times, they miraculously preserved their identity. The author argues that tradition kept the community on track, by preserving some customs, practices that have been passed on from generation to generation. The main responsibility for this was given to the leaders of the community: the kings, the priests, and the prophets. When the leaders abandoned the Yahwist tradition, the community lost its identity. Another role of the tradition in relationship to the community is to educate the community. The Old Testament presents situations in which the geographical territory – the Land of Israel, reacted against the Jewish community in order to motivate it to keep the tradition. Two kinds of reactions of the land are presented against the community: The land had the power of driving out the Jews from their country, and the land can exercise pressure upon the community while the community was living into the land, in order to correct its attitude towards the tradition. We have the case of the Samaritan community, who did not keep the tradition of the land and experienced difficulties. As far as the attitude of the New Testament towards other communities living in the land, it was given the example of Jesus who had a favorable attitude towards Samaritans.  In some instances Jesus recommends some Samaritans as models to be followed by Jews. Even Jesus himself is identified in Christianity as being the Good Samaritan.

Author(s) Details

Mihai Handaric

Department of Pentecostal Theology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, “Aurel Vlaicu” University of Arad, Romania.

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Traditional Institutions Management: A Case Study of Pasturist Conflicts in Borno State, Nigeria | Chapter 03 | Current Perspective to Economics and Management Vol. 2

The study was conducted to assess the traditional institutions management: a case study of Pasturist conflict in three selected Local Government Areas (Damboa, Jere and Magumeri LGAs) of Borno state, Nigeria. Muti-stage sampling technique was used to select 225 sample size respondents which include farmers (150) and herders (75) respectively. A structured questionnaire and interview schedule were used to collect data for this study which was analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) and PRA (Pair wise Ranking) tool. The results revealed that (89.3%) of the respondents are of the opinion that, the most preferred strategies for managing conflicts between farmers and herders in the study area are the traditional institutions. Results in Table 2 shows that the farmers ranked the resolution of conflict through the payment of compensation as the first while the herders (Table 3) ranked it second. However, the study recommend that the traditional rulers in conjunction with all the stakeholders at the village level should maintain routine or annual meetings with farmers and herders for the avoidance of conflict between the farmers and herders in the area. Also, traditional institutions should be strengthen through constitutional amendment, thus, to return their power to adjudicate conflict in the rural areas which had been taken away by the 1976 Local Government Reform. The study found that there are existing traditional institutions which are attempting to manage this conflict. The respondents expressed their satisfaction with the performance of the traditional institutions in managing the conflicts between farmers and herders in the localities. However, the results revealed that majority (89.3%) of the respondents are of the opinion that, the most preferred strategies for managing conflicts between farmers and herders in the study area are the traditional institutions. More so, the farmers ranked the resolution of conflict through the payment of compensation as the first, while the herders ranked it second.

Author(s) Details

Makinta, Maina Mohammed
Department of Agriculture, Damboa Local Government, Damboa, Borno State, Nigeria.

Hamisu, Sa’adu
Department of Crop Production Technology, College of Agriculture, P.M.B. 1018, Zuru, Kebbi State, Nigeria.

Prof Bello, Umar Faruk
Department of Agricultural Extension & Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Umar, Sa’adu
Department of Agricultural Economics & Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, Kebbi State University of Science & Technology Aliero, Nigeria.

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View Volume: https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/cpem/v2