Strategy: Does the Concept Exist in Islamic Sources of Knowledge? | Chapter 02 | Emerging Issues and Development in Economics and Trade Vol. 3

The study brings new insights about the notion of strategy by exploring it in the Islamic sources of knowledge. It employs qualitative research methodologies to analyze the content taken from the texts of the Quran and the Hadith, their interpretations as well as from the biographies of Muhammad PBUH. It is part of the efforts which are being made to explore alternate perspectives in order to overcome the prevailing issues emerging in the classical management theory and practice. While works of scholars from cultural contexts different from the western cultures are surfacing in this area, it seems to be useful to also explore the Islamic sources of knowledge for the very purpose. Current study should be considered an early attempt in the specific area of strategy. It is a straightforward manner of looking into the Islamic sources of knowledge for the managerial wisdom and bringing it to light by an individual or collective effort. It should not be considered a way of negating the existing body of knowledge, but it is an attempt to bring something which may complement it. 

Author(s) Details

Waseem Gul
Omantel Telecommunications Company (S.A.O.G), Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.

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Reality Television and the Influence of Gender on Decision Behavior in Business Situations: A Study on Gender Influence on Decision Behavior in The Apprentice with Donald Trump | Chapter 05 | Emerging Issues and Development in Economics and Trade Vol. 2

The Apprentice with Donald Trump has become one of the most popular reality television shows. It is based on business and management situations. Business schools around the country have used The Apprentice as a teaching tool for case studies in classrooms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of gender and its role in termination decisions. This research is the result of a four-year study on management decisions on termination in Donald Trump’s The Apprentice. This crosstab analysis was conducted with three independent focus groups using The Apprentice. The results of this study can assist researchers to ascertain whether gender is plays an influence on management decisions in business. This focus study of business professionals and MBA students (aged 18 to 50). A sample of (N=299) participants were used for the focus groups. The participants viewed various episodes of The Apprentice and were administered a survey based on their observations and decisions. The participants viewed various episodes of The Apprentice and were administered a survey based on their observations and decisions. There were three key findings from the study. First, the findings of the study indicate there were some significant gender differences with firing individuals based on viewing the reality television show. Second, the findings indicate gender is a strong predictor variable in termination decisions. Last, in addition, between males and females, male participants’ mean and standard deviation coefficients were higher. The conclusions of the study indicate that management researchers and practitioners should, however, carefully evaluate gender and its influence on management decisions in business decisions.

Author(s) Details

D. Anthony Miles
School of Business and Leadership, Our Lady of the Lake University, USA.

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Traditional Institutions Management: A Case Study of Pasturist Conflicts in Borno State, Nigeria | Chapter 03 | Current Perspective to Economics and Management Vol. 2

The study was conducted to assess the traditional institutions management: a case study of Pasturist conflict in three selected Local Government Areas (Damboa, Jere and Magumeri LGAs) of Borno state, Nigeria. Muti-stage sampling technique was used to select 225 sample size respondents which include farmers (150) and herders (75) respectively. A structured questionnaire and interview schedule were used to collect data for this study which was analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) and PRA (Pair wise Ranking) tool. The results revealed that (89.3%) of the respondents are of the opinion that, the most preferred strategies for managing conflicts between farmers and herders in the study area are the traditional institutions. Results in Table 2 shows that the farmers ranked the resolution of conflict through the payment of compensation as the first while the herders (Table 3) ranked it second. However, the study recommend that the traditional rulers in conjunction with all the stakeholders at the village level should maintain routine or annual meetings with farmers and herders for the avoidance of conflict between the farmers and herders in the area. Also, traditional institutions should be strengthen through constitutional amendment, thus, to return their power to adjudicate conflict in the rural areas which had been taken away by the 1976 Local Government Reform. The study found that there are existing traditional institutions which are attempting to manage this conflict. The respondents expressed their satisfaction with the performance of the traditional institutions in managing the conflicts between farmers and herders in the localities. However, the results revealed that majority (89.3%) of the respondents are of the opinion that, the most preferred strategies for managing conflicts between farmers and herders in the study area are the traditional institutions. More so, the farmers ranked the resolution of conflict through the payment of compensation as the first, while the herders ranked it second.

Author(s) Details

Makinta, Maina Mohammed
Department of Agriculture, Damboa Local Government, Damboa, Borno State, Nigeria.

Hamisu, Sa’adu
Department of Crop Production Technology, College of Agriculture, P.M.B. 1018, Zuru, Kebbi State, Nigeria.

Prof Bello, Umar Faruk
Department of Agricultural Extension & Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Umar, Sa’adu
Department of Agricultural Economics & Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, Kebbi State University of Science & Technology Aliero, Nigeria.

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View Volume: https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/cpem/v2