Obesity and Pregnancy: Saudi Arabian Experience | Chapter 10 | Current Trends in Medicine and Medical Research Vol. 5

Objective: To determine the effect of obesity on pregnancy compared to non-obese pregnant Saudi women.

Methodology: This is a prospective cohort research conducted over seven months in Jeddah Maternity and Children Hospital (MCH), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Sample included pregnant women with single fetus and cephalic presentation came to the booking clinic. Participants were classified into 5 groups depending on their BMI according to WHO criteria as underweight, normal weight, overweight, obese & morbidly obese. SPSS was used with p-value of< 0.05 to calculate statistical significance.

Results: The frequency of abortion, postdated pregnancy and Caesarean section were higher in obese women compared to non-obese women.

Conclusion: Obese women pregnancy is a high risk for pregnancy and labor complications. It is advisable to achieve normal BMI before conception.

Author(s) Details

Dr. Mohammad Othman
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Al Baha University, Saudi Arabia.

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Lifestyle and Its Relationship with Body Weight | Chapter 04 | Current Trends in Disease and Health Vol. 2

A review of the self-perception of lifestyle and its relationship with body weight in adults is carried out, because the prevalence of overweight / obesity in the world continues to increase and Mexico is not exempt from it. The causes of obesity are reviewed and how different dimensions of lifestyle affect the increase in body mass index. It also includes a review of ways to prevent obesity through lifestyle interventions.

Author(s) Details

Dr. Nicolás Padilla-Raygoza
School of Medicine, University of Celaya, Celaya, México.

Xiomara Arteaga-Herrera
Division of Health Sciences and Engineering, Campus Celaya-Salvatierra, University of Guanajuato, Celaya, México.

Dr. Vicente Beltrán-Campos
Department of Clinical Nursing, Division of Health Sciences, Campus Celaya-Salvatierra, University of Guanajuato, Celaya, México.

Xóchitl Sofía Ramírez-Gómez
Department of Clinical Nursing, Division of Health Sciences, Campus Celaya-Salvatierra, University of Guanajuato, Celaya, México.

Dra. María Luisa Sánchez-Padilla
Health Sciences Institute, University Autonomous of Hidalgo State, Pachuca, México.

Verónica Benítez-Guerrero
Academic Nursing Unity, Institute of Health Sciences, University Autonomous of Nayarit, Tepic, México.

View Books: http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/91

Contextual Trend in Preventing Obesity Epidemic in Developing Countries: Role of the Key Players | Chapter 11 | Emerging Research in Medical Sciences Vol. 1

Aim: Today, the World Health Organization warns that the greater future burden of obesity and diabetes will affect developing countries with the extent doubling with urbanization. Aside from the estimation that, currently, more than 1.6 billion (age 15+ years) adults are overweight and at least 400 million of them are obese, it was also estimated that obesity is responsible for 2-6 % of the total health care cost in several developed countries and some estimates put the figure as high as 7%. The true costs are undoubtedly much greater as not all obesity related conditions are calculated. Some developing countries aimed to attain the millennium development goals (MDGs), which prospect the reduction in rate of tuberculosis, malaria, maternal and infant mortality rates, and childhood malnutrition, however little or nothing is done to curb the increasing obesity epidemic and its accompanying non-communicable diseases (NCDs) burden. The fact therefore is that, the developing countries’ health sector garbled with the double burden of diseases from the threat of both NCDs and infectious diseases.

Methodology: Literature search from PubMed, MEDLINE and Google Scholar was conducted with the aim of highlighting the prospects in preventing and managing obesity epidemics in developing countries through evidence based multi-strategic, multi-dimensional and proactive approaches.

Results: Numerous established studies recommended that, beyond individual action, the government, schools, families, employers, media, medical practitioners, food producers, manu-facturers, wholesalers, retailers, caterers, transporters, urban planners and community groups could formulate and implement a multi-strategic intervention plans to promote healthy eating habits and regular physical activity as well as manage those already overweight to prevent future obesity.

Conclusion: There is therefore, the need for a less cost effective, multi-sectional, far reaching population based intervention plans by the key players of the health sector in such countries which should incorporate the need for regular exercising, good nutritional habits, bodyweight image assessment and reduced stigmatization of affected individuals.

Author(s) Details

Christopher E. Ekpenyong
Department of Physiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria.

Ernest Akpan
Department of Physiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria.

Read full article: http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/view/75/938/706-1
View Volume: https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/erms/v1

Physical Activity and Its Relationship with Body Weight in Older Adults | Chapter 08 | Current Trends in Medicine and Medical Research Vol. 3

Purpose: To  determine  the  relationship  between  calories  intake,  level  of  physical  activity  and overweight/obesity in adults over 60 years in Celaya, Mexico.

Study Design: It was a cross-sectional study.

Place and  Duration  of  Study: Population: 754 adults between 60 and 70 years old from Day Care Centers for the elderly from Celaya, Guanajuato, México between August 2014 and July 2015.

Methodology: We included a sample of 100 of adults, both genders, who signed the consent form; the  calories  intake  was  measure  with  SNUT  survey,  physical  activity  with  International  Physical Activity Questionnaire and measuring of overweight/obesity with Body Mass Index. Statistical analysis was with Pearson’s r, and lineal regression equation between mean daily calories intake and Body Mass  Index  and  between  physical activity  (METS/min/week)  and  Body  Mass  Index.  The  variables were categorized and it was calculated Chi squared test, p value, Odds Ratio and it was generated in a logistic multivariable model.

Results: The  sample  was  100  adults  between  60  and  70  years  old.  There  was  not  a  correlation between  caloric  intake  and  Body  Mass  Index  in  males  nor  females  (P>0.05).  There  was  a  good negative correlation between physical activity and body mass index (r=-0.56) and a negative lineal relationship (P<0.05). There was a relationship between physical activity and overweight/obesity (X2= 47.29, df 1 P=.00001)  and  OR=102.60.  There  was  not  a relationship between  Mean  Daily  Caloric Intake and overweight/obesity (X2= 0.84 dg 1 P=.36).

Conclusion: There is a strong negative correlation and lineal relationship between physical activity and Body Mass Index. There is an relationship between physical activity and overweight/obesity in the elderly from Celaya, Mexico.

Author(s) Details

Dr. Nicolas Padilla-Raygoza

School of Medicine, University of Celaya, Mexico.

Read full article: http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/view/42/173/318-1

View Volume: https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/ctmmr/v3