Determination of the Paper Quality as a Substrate for Oyster Mushroom Cultivation | Chapter 10 | Modern Research in Botany Vol. 1

Eight different kinds of papers, viz., glaze paper, brown paper, news paper, magazine paper, chart paper, kite paper, rough copy paper and A-4 size printing paper, and two types of cardboard viz., corrugated cardboard and card board were evaluated for different manifestations of white oyster mushroom Pleurotus florida Strain-P1. Among them news paper was later treated as a control. The mushroom was utilized all the substrates for their growth and sporophore formation. Majority of substrates were taken almost equal time for spawn run, primordial development and fruiting bodies maturation. The measured parameters were net yield (Weight of fresh mushrooms), biological efficiency, number of fruiting bodies produced and average weight of sporophores varied among themselves. The crop of mushroom was harvested in three flushes where yield and biological efficiency ranged 190-495 gm, 38-99% for the substrate used. Magazine paper (450 gm; 90%) and card board (495 gm; 99%) produced significant (P=0.05) yield and biological efficiency over control. They also produced significant number of mushroom fruit bodies (56 and 64, respectively). Corrugated cardboard (10.29 gm) was found significant in terms of average weight per sporocarp. The percentage yield of different substrates was also evaluated. Among the substrates, card board contributed 14% of total mushroom production followed by magazine paper (13%) and news paper (12%).

Author(s) Details

Dr. Siddhant [M.Sc., Ph.D., FAELS, MIAER, FIARA]
Department of Botany, Durgesh Nandini Degree College, Faizabad (U.P.), India.

Dr. O. P. Ukaogo
Department of Industrial Chemistry, Envirnmental/Analytical Units, Abia State University, Nigeria.

S. S. Walakulu Gamage [BSC, MPhil (Reading)]
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of Ruhana, Matara, Sri Lanka.

Dr. Ruchira Singh [M.Sc., Ph.D.]
Independent Researchers, Ayodhya, India.

Mr. Mahesh Kumar [M.Sc., B.Ed. FIARA]
Independent Researchers, Ayodhya, India.

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Comparison of Growth and Development of Pleurotus florida against Wastes from Animal Origin | Chapter 02 | Theory and Applications of Microbiology and Biotechnology Vol. 1

Two wastes from animal origin, viz., human hairs and egg shells were evaluated for different manifestations of white oyster mushroom, Pleurotus florida. The mushroom utilized both the substrates for their growth and sporophore formation. The mycelial growth was significantly (P=0.05) faster on egg shell (18 days) as compared to human hair (23 days). The crop of mushroom was harvested in four flushes where human hairs showed higher yield and biological efficiency of mushroom (165 gm, 33%) than egg shells (155 gm, 31%), respectively. In respect of yield parameters such as yield, biological efficiency, number of mushroom fruit bodies and average weight of sporophores, both the substrates were statistically at par to each other. Utilization of human hairs and egg shells by P. florida reveals a new strategy for mycoremediation of these wastes.

Author(s) Details

Dr. Siddhant M.Sc., Ph.D., FAELS, MIAER, FIARA
Department of Botany, Durgesh Nandini Degree College, Faizabad (U.P.), India.

O. P. Ukaogo
Environmental and Analytical Units, Department of Industrial Chemistry, Abia State University, Nigeria.

Mr. Mahesh Kumar, M.Sc., B.Ed. FIARA
Department of Zoology, K.S.S.P.G. College, Ayodhya, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Shyam Singh
Department of Mathematics, Durgesh Nandini Degree College, Faizabad (U.P.), India.

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