A Study on Heavy Metal Content of Soil in Garki Area Council of Abuja, Nigeria | Chapter 7 | Current Research and Development in Chemistry Vol.1

This study investigates the concentration of Heavy Metals in soil sample from 15 different locations in Garki area of Federal Capital Territory (F.C.T) Abuja, Nigeria. The soil PH of the sample sites varies on the average from 6.44 to 7.24 in water indicating only a slightly acidic to neural. The level of Cu, Cd, Pb, Ni, Mn, and Zn were determined using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The results obtained indicated that these metals on dry weight basis in the soil ranged between (36.60525.0 µg/g) Pb, (15.00-74.40 µg/g) Cu, (17.50-29.80 µg/g) Zn, (0.7-2.20 µg/g) Cd, (16.16-24.60 µg/g) Ni, and (270-558.0 µg/g) Mn. From the results, areas with high traffic density seem to be relatively high in concentration of tested metals than those from less traffic density. A significant correlation was found between traffic density and metal concentrations. Generally, the concentrations obtained were much higher than the tolerable limit for safe environment as prescribed by National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) and World Health Organization (WHO).

Author(s) Details

Suleiman Kabiru
Department of Chemistry, Federal College of Education, P.M.B. 1026, Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria.

Rufai Yakubu
Department of Chemistry, Federal College of Education, P.M.B. 1026, Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria.

Aminu Lukman
Department of Chemistry, Federal College of Education, P.M.B. 1026, Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria.

Toba Akintola
Department of Chemistry, Federal College of Education, P.M.B. 1026, Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria.


Mathias Alegbemi
Department of Chemistry, Federal College of Education, P.M.B. 1026, Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria.


Fatimat Musa
Department of Chemistry, Federal College of Education, P.M.B. 1026, Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria.

View Book: – http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/162

Infiltration Models Validation in a Sandy Loam Soil in Zing, Taraba State | Chapter 13 | New Perspectives in International Plant and Soil Research Vol. 1

Predicting the infiltration characteristics for soils is crucial for proper management and sustainable use of soil and water resources for prevention of soil erosion. The study was carried out to evaluate the infiltration models by measuring the field infiltration rate on sandy loam soils in Zing. Kostiakov, Modified – Kostiakov and Horton infiltration models were evaluated by comparing the measured and predicted infiltration rate of the soils. Fifteen infiltration runs were made by ponding water into double ring infiltrometer which was used to carry out the measurements. Parameters were developed from measured infiltration data and laboratory analyses of soil samples. Horton and Kostiakov models with an RMSE (0.0372 and 0.0365) and the R2 value of 0.999 and 0.998 respectively, closely predicted the measured infiltration rate, and can as well stimulate infiltration under the field conditions.

Author(s) Details

Mr. H. J. Philip
Department of Agronomy, Federal University, Gashua, Yobe State, Nigeria.

Mr. S. A. Gisilanbe
Department of Agronomy, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Nigeria.

A. T. Gani
Department of Soil Science and Land Resources Management, Federal University Wukari,Taraba State, Nigeria.

T. W. Joram
Department of Soil Science, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.

Read full article: http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/view/61/702/567-1
View Volume: https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/npipsr/v1