Estimating Access to Drinking Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Facilities in Wolaita Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia, in Reference to National Coverage | Chapter 7 | Current Trends in Disease and Health Vol. 3

Introduction: The coverage of sanitation and access to safe drinking water in Ethiopia especially in Wolaita Sodo town are notwell studied. Therefore, the main objective of this study was estimating access to drinking water supply, sanitation and hygiene facilities in Wolaita Sodo town, southern Ethiopia, in reference to national coverage.

Methods: A community based cross-sectional study design method was employed in the study in 588 households of Wolaita Sodo town inhabitants. Face-to-face interview to household owners, in-depth interview to key informants, reviewing secondary data and observational check lists were used to collect data. Districts were selected using simple random sampling techniques, while systematic random sampling technique was applied to select households. Data was analyzed using Epi Info version 3.5.4 and SPSS version 16 statistical software. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis was carried out.

Results: The community has access to improved water supply which was estimated to be 67.9%. The main water sources of the town were tap water within the yard, which was estimated to be 44.7% and tap water in the community was 40.0% followed by private protected well which was 14.5%. Ninety-one percent of the households had at least one type of latrine in their homes. The most common type of latrine available to households was pit latrine with superstructure which was estimated to be 75.9% followed by a pit without superstructure, 21.3% and more than half of the respondents had hand washing facilities in their compound. Occupational status, educational status and training on water, sanitation and hygiene related topics were significantly associated with use of improved water source, improved sanitation and hygiene facilities.

Conclusion: In order to address the demand of the town, additional water, sanitation and hygiene programs are required.

Author(s) Details

Amha Admasie

School of Public Health, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia.

Ashenafi Debebe

School of Public Health, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia.

View Book –